The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) maintains mandatory reporting requirements for foreign investment into the United States via its Form BE-13 for most transactions in which a non-U.S. entity (1) acquires an ownership interest in a U.S. entity or real estate; or (2) establishes a new U.S. business enterprise in the United States. Reporting may also be required if a foreign entity expands its existing U.S. operations. In each case, even indirect foreign investment (for example, a foreign parent company uses one of its existing U.S. subsidiaries to buy another U.S. company) may trigger a BE-13 filing requirement.

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