The U.S. government has announced significant increases to the maximum civil penalties for U.S. export controls and sanctions violations. The increases are required by the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (the FCPIA Act). Details of the penalty increases are described below and available in the Federal Register, Vol. 81, No. 109, 110, and 127. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) has published updated guidance on how it will settle export controls enforcement cases.